IMPLEMENTATION AND IMPACT OF TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM IN INDONESIA (PERSPECTIVE IN EDUCATION)

Ramli Ramli

Abstract


Education is an effort which is done by people to develop their self competence through a process of learning. Teacher certification program in Indonesia mandated by the Law Number 14, year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers (or the so called Teachers Law) is an effort by Indonesian government to improve the quality of education in Indonesia. Certified teachers are believed to perform better than teachers who have not been certified. People assume that they have enough competencies in teaching. In fact, many teachers do not follow the process of teacher certification program fairly. There are some cases of deceit done by the teacher certification program participants. However, the finding suggests no impact of the certification on student’s performance, it may confirm some concerns that the certification’s objective is not oriented to teacher’s performance, but more to their living standard, as reflected by their student’s achievement that does not make any progress.  Therefore, we need to create a better solution on how to improve the teacher certification program. Such improvement in the system can be developed by experts in greater detail but in any case, they need to have characteristics, at the fullest extent, of a performance-based system.

Keywords


Teacher Certification Program

References


Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi. 2007. Pedoman Sertifikasi Guru Dalam Jabatan. Jakarta.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2003. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta: Biro Hukum dan Organisasi Sekretariat Jenderal Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Goldhaber, D, and Brewer, D. (2000). “Does Teacher Certification Matter? High School Teacher Certification Status and Student Achievement.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 22(2), pp.129-45

Hanushek, E, and Rivkin, S. (2006). “Teacher Quality.” Chap 18 in Handbook of the Economics of Education, Volume 2, Edited by Eric A Hanushek and Finish Welch, Elsevier BV.

Hastuti, Sulaksono B, Akhmadi, Syukri, M, Sabainingrum,U and Ruhmaniyati. (2009). “Implementation of the 2007 Certification Program for Practicing Teachers: A Case Study of Jambi, West Java, and West Kalimantan Provinces.” SMERU Research Report, June.

H.J. Giono. 1997. Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Surakarta: UNS Press

Howell, et al. 1993. Curriculum-based Evaluation: Teacher and Decision Makin. USA:Erooks/ Cole Publishing Company.

Jalal, at.al. 2009. Teacher Certification in Indonesia; A Srategy for Teacher Quality Improvement. Depdiknas: Republik Indonesia.

Klein, Stephen B. 1996. Learning: Principles and Application. USA: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Lincoln, Yvona S. and Egon G. Guba. 1985. Naturalistic Inquiry. London: Sage Publication.

Mohamad Fahmi, dkk. (2011) Teacher Certification in Indonesia: A Confusion of Means and Ends. Padjadjaran University: Bandung, Indonesia

UU. No. 14/2005 on Teachers and Lectures, PP No.74/2008 on Teachers, and Kepmendiknas No. 16/2007 on Standard of Academic Qualification and Teacher Competence.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




___________________________

Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia

Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa - IAIN Tulungagung
Jalan Mayor Sujadi Timur No. 46 Tulungagung 66221 [Google Maps]

Telp. (0355) 321513