A.A. Ngurah Yudha Martin Mahardika


Curriculum development as the guide to instructional implementation should be able to ‘bridge the gaps’ of the needs among the parties in teaching learning process. Needs analysis is then a crucial step in curriculum development. It includes the needs of the intitution, the target needs, and for the most, the learners’ needs. Indonesian curriculum may change as the result of the current situation or policy, yet the concern remain the same, that is to identify needs and accomodate those needs. Introduction on curriculum development, a brief review on ESP, discussion on needs analysis, and reflection of the curriculum development in Indonesia related to needs analysis would be delivered in this article.


Need Analysis; Curriculum Development; ESP


Almabekova, Olga. 2006. Teaching Thinking through ESP. Retrieved 5th November 2008.

Ardi Marwan. 2009. ESP Teaching Challenges in an Indonesian Vocational Higher Institution. The English Teacher Vol. XXXVIII: 1 – 12

Astika, Gusti. 1999. The Role of Needs Analysis in English for Specific Purposes. TEFLIN Journal volume X number 1 August 1999. Badan Kerjasam Antar Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris di Indonesia.

Essential Curriculum Development Steps Needing Emphasis. , 2009 Natural Resources Management and Environment Department, ah650e/ah650e03.htm (accessed on 1st October 2014)

Hutchinson, T. & A. Waters. 1987. English for Specific Purposes: A Learning-Centered Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kaur, Sarjit. 2008. ESP Course Design: Matching Learner Needs to Aims. Retrieved 5th November 2008

Komarova & A.A. Lipgart. 1994. What is the English We Teach? Retrieved March 2009.

Krashen, Stephen. 2009. Principle and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. Internet Edition. and_Practice.pdf. Retrieved August 2010.

Lekatompessy, Felicia M. 2010. Needs Analysis in Curriculum Development,

Li, Lixin. 2006. Theoretical Base and Problems in Business English Teaching in China. Retrieved 5th November 2008

Mahardika, Yudha M. 2010. Analisis Kebutuhan Fungsi dan Expresi Bahasa Untuk Pramusaji di Hotel Berbintang di Bali. Unpublished article

Mahardika, Yudha M. 2013. Pengembangan E-Kamus Istilah Boga Perhotelan di Jurusan Perhotelan Undiksha. Unpublished article

Nodoushan, A. Salmani. 2006. Text Familiarity, Reading Tasks, and ESP Test Performance: A Study on Iranian LEP And Non-LEP University Students. DissertationPHD.pdf. Retrieved March 2009.

Permendikbud nomor 49 Tahun 2014 tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan.

PHRI. 1999. Penerapan Kurikulum Diploma III Manajemen Perhotelan Berbasis Kompetensi. Kuta: PHRI

Potočar, Marija. 2008. ESP in Slovenian Secondary Technical and Vocational Education. Retrieved 5th November 2008

Richards. 1989. American Breakthrough. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, Pauline C. 1984. ESP: The Present Condition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Stapa, Siti H. & Ismie R. Jais. 2005. A survey of writing needs and expectations of Hotel Management and Tourism students. ESP World Issue 1(9), Volume 4, 2005. Retrieved 5th November 2008.

Weimer, Maryellen. 2010. Curricular Design Problems. articles/curriculum-development/curricular-design-problems/. (retrieved on 3rd October 2014)

Xenodohidis, Thalia H. 2006. An ESP Curriculum for Greek EFL Students of Computing: A New Approach. Retrieved 5th November 2008

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia

Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa - IAIN Tulungagung
Jalan Mayor Sujadi Timur No. 46 Tulungagung 66221 [Google Maps]

Telp. (0355) 321513