Deanty Rumandang Bulan


Petjo was created by mixing Dutch and local languages in Dutch East Indisch. This language is the language spoken by the Indos in the Dutch colonial era. It has a unique feature despite being named as ‘broken Dutch’. This present study is a descriptive qualitative study that looks into the feature of Indonesian language grammar in Petjo. This study elaborates the feature of Indonesian grammar in Petjo from morpho-syntax perspective. Results show that there are at least seven characteristics of Indonesian grammar appeared in Petjo. This explains why Petjo is called ‘broken Dutch’.


petjo; mixed-language; creole;


Appel, R., & Muysken, P. (2006). Language contact and bilingualism. Amsterdam University Press.

Arka, I. W. (2011, February). On modality and finiteness in Indonesian: complexities of= nya nominalisation. In Workshop on TAM markers and evidentiality in Indonesian Languages, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (pp. 17-18).

Collins, J. T. (2005). Bahasa Melayu bahasa dunia: sejarah singkat. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Croft, W. (2000). Explaining language change: An evolutionary approach. Harlow [etc.]: Longman.

De Gruiter, Miel. (1994). Javindo, a contact language in pre-war Semarang. In: P. Bakker & Donaldson, B. (2017). Dutch: A comprehensive grammar. Routledge.

Englebretson, R. (2003). Searching for structure: The problem of complementation in colloquial Indonesian conversation (Vol. 13). John Benjamins Publishing.

Giebers, Herman. (1997). Dutch in Indonesia: Language Attrition or Language Contact, In: H.A.K Klatter-Folmer & J.W.M Kroon (eds.). Dutch overseas: Studies in maintenance and loss of dutch as an immigrant language. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.

Grune, Dick. (2013). Making Sense of Dutch Word Order. Avaliable at:

Lee, N. H. (2018). Contact languages around the world and their levels of endangerment.

Sneddon, J. N. (2003). The Indonesian language: Its history and role in modern society. Sydney: UNSW Press.

Sneddon, J. N. (2010). Indonesian reference grammar. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.

Thomason, S. G., & Kaufman, T. (2001). Language contact (pp. 8325-8329). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Van Rheeden, Hadewych. (1994). Petjo, the mixed language of the Indos in Batavia. In: P. Bakker & M. Mous (eds.). Mixed languages: 15 case studies in language intertwining, 223-237.Amsterdam:IFOTT

Zwart, J. W. (2011). The syntax of Dutch. Cambridge University Press.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia

Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa - IAIN Tulungagung
Jalan Mayor Sujadi Timur No. 46 Tulungagung 66221 [Google Maps]

Telp. (0355) 321513