THE SOCIOPOLITICAL ENTANGLEMENT OF SUFISM
Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman Vol 14 No 01 June 2020
PDF

Keywords

Tarekat Qadiriyah Wanaqsyabandiyah
PPP
Sociopolitical

How to Cite

Al Abza, M., Kamsi, K., & Ismail, N. (2019). THE SOCIOPOLITICAL ENTANGLEMENT OF SUFISM. Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, 14(2), 215-234. https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2019.14.2.215-234

Abstract

Sufi group (tarekat) mainly dictates its followers to distance themselves from worldy affairs and to live in religious seclusion (zuhud). This article offers a distinct perspective on the study of sufism through examining the political activities of the sufi group the Tarekat Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah of Cukir in Indonesia and the group’s political patron, the Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP). The article benefits form a French philosopher Michel Foucault’s concept of geneology and the notion of knowledge to better comprehend the nature of political activism of a sufi group. It further argues that basic concept of student and master (murshid) relationship in Sufism is explaining the politics of sufism in contemporary Indonesia. The mutual relation between leaders of the sufi group and the PPP has facilitated the crossing boundaries of sufi basic principle of non-participatory politics.

https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2019.14.2.215-234
PDF

References

Al-Bukhari, al-Jami’ al-Sahih al-Mukhtasar, Beirut: Dar Ibni Kathir, 1987.

Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid, Ihya ‘Ulum al-Din, Beirut: Dar al-Nahdah al-‘Arabiyyah, 1998.

Ali, Fachry dan Efendy, Bachtiar, Merambah Jalan Baru Islam, Jakarta: Mizan, 1985.

Al-Maraqi, Muslih bin ‘Abd al-Rahman, Al-Nuru’l Burhani, Semarang: Karya Toha Putera, 1422 H.

Al-Sya’rani, ‘Abd al-Wahhab, Al-Anwar al-Qudsiyyah fi Ma’rifati Qawa>idi’s Sufiyah, Jakarta: Dinamika Berkah Utama, t.t.

Arsyad, Muhammad Armin and Syam, M. Basyir, “Preferensi Politik Pengikut Tarekat Qadiriyah di Majene dalam Pemilukada Kabupaten Majene Tahun 2011”, Adabiyah, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2014.

Atjeh, Aboe Bakar, Pengantar Ilmu Tarekat; Uraian Tentang Mistik, Djakarta: FA. HM. Tawi and Son, 1966.

Beckford, James and Kuhn, Thomas S., The Changing Face of Religion, London: Sage Publication, 1991.

Bruinessen, Martin Van, Kitab Kuning, Pesantren, and Tarekat, Yogyakarta: Gading Publising: 2015.

Chaniago, Sadri, et.al., “Elit Tarekat dalam Pusaran Kontestasi Pilkada: Dukungan Politik Tuanku Tarekat Syathariyah Terhadap Kandidat pada Pilkada Sumbar Tahun 2010”, 9th International Conference on Malaysia-Indonesia Relations (PAHMI 9) Faculty of Social Sciences, Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2015.

Creswell, John. W, Desain Penelitian: Pendekatan Kualitatif & Kuantitatif, KIK Press: Jakarta, 2003.

Foucault, Michel, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

______________, The History of Sexuality, Vol. I, New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.

______________, Power/Knowledge; Selected Interview and Other Writings 1972-1977, New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.

Haryatmoko, Membongkar Rezim Kepastian: Pemikiran Kritis Post-Strukturalis, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2016.

Interview with Gus Fuad on October 15, 2016.

Interview with Gus JS on June 12, 2018 and July 07, 2018.

Interview with Hafidh Ma’shoem on February 09, 2018.

Interview with Kasmuri on July 14, 2018.

Interview with Kiai AA, on July 11, 2018.

Interview with Kiai Ahmad Sholihudin (Kiai Mad), on October 15, 2018.

Interview with Kiai Maftuh on July 01-11 2018; February 06, 2019.

Interview with Sunari on October 15, 2018.

Jamil, M. Muhsin, Tarekat dan Dinamika Sosial Politik; Tafsir Sosial Sufi Nusantara, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005.

Mashar, Aly, “Genealogi dan Penyebaran Thariqah Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah di Jawa”, Al-A’RAF, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2016.

Masyhuri, A. Aziz, Ensiklopedi 22 Aliran Tarekat dalam Tasawuf, Surabaya: Imtiyaz, 2014.

Muhibuddin, Muhammad, “Jalan Menuju Tuhan dalam Pemikiran Kiai Jawa; Telaah Ajaran Gus Miek” Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2014.

Mu’min, Ma’mun, “Pergumulan Tarekat dan Politik; Peranan Kiai Haji Muhammad Shiddiq dalam Tarekat dan Politik di Kudus”, Fikrah, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014.

Musthofa, Chabib, “Relasi Mursyid dan Murid dalam Bimbingan Tarekat Shadhiliyah di Pesulukan Thoriqot Agung Tulungagung”, Teosofi, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2017.

Nur Syam, Pembangkangan Kaum Tarekat, Surabaya: Lepkiss, 2004.

Nurhasim, Moch. (ed.), “Stagnasi Electoral Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP)”, Masa depan Partai Islam di Indonesia: Studi tentang Volatilitas Electoral dan Faktor-Faktor Penyebabnya, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar & LIPI, 2016.

Setiyawati, Elen, “Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah dalam Ranah Politik Lokal”, Demokrasi dan Otonomi Daerah, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2017.

Sujuthi, Mahmud, Politik Tarekat Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah Jombang; Hubungan Agama, Negara dan Masyarakat, Yogyakarta: Galang Press, 2001.

Sukamto, Kepemimpinan Kiai dalm Pesantren, Jakarta: LP3ES, 1999.

Turmudi, Endang, Strugling for the Ulama; Changing Leadership Roles of Kiai in Jombang, East Java, Canberra: ANU E Press, 1996.

Ziadi, M. Rohman, “Tarekat dan Politik; Studi Living Sufism Tarekat Hizib Nahdlatul Wathan”, Living Islam, Vol. I, No. 2, 2018.

Creative Commons Licence

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License