MENCARI BENTUK REKONSILIASI INTRA-AGAMA: Analisis terhadap Pengungsi Syiah Sampang dan Ahmadiyah Mataram

Cahyo Pamungkas

Abstract


This article aims to answer a three of questions as follows: first, whether reconciliation between the refugees of Islam minorities, Shia Sampang andAhmadiyah Lombok, and Sunni’s majority in their hometown still possible? Second, if it is still possible how to implement it and what constraints do arise? Third, theoretically, which model of reconciliation is in accordance with the context of the intra-religious conflict in Indonesia? This article is written based on the study of literature and field research, conducted by LIPI research team, which seeks to identify conditions or necessary conditions to achieve reconciliation between displaced Islamic minority and Islamic majority live in their places of origin. The issue of reconciliation is very important, considering both the refugee community is Indonesian citizens who have the right to be protected. However, in reality, they like to be in a quarantine so-called refugee camps. The proposition of this article is reconciliation among communities displaced by the public place of origin is possible with certain conditions such as the strong implementation of the fulfillment of human rights, cultural context and theological beliefs that support the peace process, and the role of active government in pushing the peace process.

References


Abu-Nimer, Mohammed, (ed.) Reconciliation, Justice, and Coexistence: Theory and Practice, USA: Lexington Books, 2001.

Akmaliah, Wahyudi, Islah sebagai Dalih: Studi Kasus Penyelesaian Konflik Peristiwa Tanjung Priok (1984) 2014.

Akmaliah, Wahyudi, Taretan Tibi dan Kemungkinan Rekonsiliasi: Inisiatif Konseptual Penyelesaian Konflik Keagamaan di Sampang, Madura, Laporan Monografi penelitian unggulan LIPI Ketahanan Sosial Minoritas Agama, 2016.

Bartels, Dieter, “Your God is no Longer Mine: Moslem-Christian

Fratricide in the Central Moluccas (Indonesia) after a Half-Millennium of Tolerant co-Existence and Ethnic Unity,” S. Pannell (ed.), A State of Emergency: Violence, Society and the State in Eastern Indonesia, Darwin: Northern Territory University Press.

Budiwanti, Erni, “Jamaah Ahmadiyah dan Resistensi Sosial di Lombok,” Jurnal Harmoni, Vol. VI, No. 23, Juli-September 2007.

_________, “Pluralism Collapses: A Study on the Jamaah Ahmadiyah Indonesia and Its Persecution,” Working Paper Series. No. 117, National University Singapore: Asia Research Institute, 2009.

________, “Jamaah Ahmadiyah and The Ulama Edicts,” Strategic Review, Vol. 1, No 2, 2011.

________, Pengungsi Ahmadiyah di Lombok: Kendala Rekonsiliasi

Sosial, Laporan Monografi penelitian unggulan LIPI, Ketahanan Sosial Minoritas Agama, 2016.

Burhani, Ahmad Najib, “When Muslims are not Muslims: The Ahmadiyya Community and the Discourse on Heresy in Indonesia,” Disertasi, pada University of California, Santa Barbara, Amerika Serikat, 2012.

Bräuchler, Birgit (ed.), Reconciling Indonesia: Grassroots Agency for Peace, New York: Routledge, 2009.

Qurtuby, Sumanto A., “Reconciliation from Below: Indonesia’s Religious Conflict and Grassroots Agency for Peace” Peace Research, 2012.

Disampaikan dalam FGD Perlindungan Minoritas di LIPI tanggal 15

November 2016.

Formichi, Chiara, “Violence, Sectarianism, and the Politics of Religion: Articulations of Anti-Shi’a Discourses in Indonesia”, Indonesia, No. 98, 2014.

Hamdi, Zaenul, “Klaim Religious Authority dalam Konflik Sunni-Syi‘i

Sampang Madura, Islamica, Vol. 6, No. 2, Maret, 2002.

Humaidi, M. Ali, “Kerusuhan Sampang: Kontestasi Aliran Keagamaan

dalam Wajah Kebudayaan Madura, Jurnal Harmoni, Vol. 13, No. 2,

Mei-Agustus, 2014.

Lederach, John. P., Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies, Washington DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997.

Menchik, Jeremy, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia: Tolerance Without Liberalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Mudzzakir, Amin, Rekonsiliasi sebagai Masalah Etika: Studi Kasus

Pengungsi Ahmadiyah dan Syiah (Laporan Monografi penelitian unggulan LIPI Ketahanan Sosial Minoritas Agama, 2016.

Miall, Hugh, Contemporary Conflict Ressolution: the Prevention Management, and Transformation of Deadly Conflict, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2002.

Olson, Kevin, Reflexive Democracy: Political Equality and the Welfare State, Cambridge: MIT Press. 2006.

Pamungkas, Cahyo (ed.) Mereka yang Terusir Studi tentang Ketahanan Sosial Pengunsi Ahmadiyah dan Syiah di Indonesia, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2017.

Ryan, Stephen, Ethnic Conflict and International Relations, USA: Darmouth, 1995.

Sari, Talang, “Pasca Rezim Orde Baru,” Jurnal Masyarakat & Budaya, Vol. 16. No. 1. 1989.

Sterkens, Carl J. A. dan Hadiwitanto, “From Social to Religious Conflict in Ambon, an Analysis of the Origin of Religious Inspired Violence,” C. Sterkens, M. Machasin, & F. Wijsen F. (eds.) Religion, Civil Society and Conflict in Indonesia Nijmegen Studies in Development and Cultural Change 45, 2009.

Sonn, Christopher dan Fisher, “Sense of Community: Community

Resilient Responses to Oppression and Change,” Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 26, 1998.

Wawancara Cahyo Pamungkas dengan Dr. Chaiwat Satha-Anand, anggota National Reconciliation Commission of Thailand, staf pengajar Jurusan Ilmu Politik, Thammasat University, Thailand, di Bangkok pada 15 Januari 2006.

Wahyudhi, Nostagiawan, Politik Identitas dan Rekonsiliasi Minoritas di Indonesia: Negara, Ulama dan Minoritas Syiah-Ahmadiyah, Laporan Monografi penelitian unggulan LIPI Ketahanan Sosial Minoritas Agama, 2016.

Zaenuri, Lalu Ahmad, “Konflik Jamaah Ahmadiyah dengan Masyarakat non-Ahmadiyah: Studi Kasus di Lombok, NTB,” Disertasi, pada UIN Jakarta, 2009.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Editorial Office:

Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman
LP2M IAIN Tulungagung Rektorat Lantai 2, Jl. Mayor Sujadi Timur No. 46
Telp/Fax: 0335-321513/321656
e-mail: episteme.iain.tulungagung@gmail.com
Website: http://ejournal.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/epis

Indexed By:


Creative Commons License

Episteme published by Postgraduate Program and LP2M IAIN Tulungagung is under license of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
Internasional.Copyright © 2017 Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, ISSN: 1907-7491 (p) | 2502-3705 (e)

Web
Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter
View My Stats

2502-3705